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    A  historic state visit to Hanoi, Vietnam



    FACT SHEET: President Joseph R. Biden and General Secretary Nguyen Phu Trong Announce the U.S.-Vietnam Comprehensive Strategic Partnership 

    During a historic state visit to Hanoi, Vietnam, President Joseph R. Biden and General Secretary Nguyen Phu Trong elevated U.S.Vietnam relations to a Comprehensive Strategic Partnership, renewing the strength and dynamism of the U.S.Vietnam relationship as both countries work together to achieve our shared goals of peace, prosperity, and sustainable development.

    The unprecedented and momentous elevation of ties between the two countries, moving from a Comprehensive Partnership established in 2013 to a Comprehensive Strategic Partnership, was the result of intense efforts by both governments to establish and build mutual understanding and to chart a forward-looking path toward the opportunities and challenges in a rapidly-evolving world.

    To support our shared vision for broader bilateral cooperation, deeper institutional ties, and more extensive and innovative economic engagement, including in support of the Indo-Pacific Economic Framework for Prosperity (IPEF), the United States, in partnership and collaboration with the government and people of Vietnam, is expanding engagement and announcing new initiatives as outlined below.


    As innovation changes the landscape of the global economy, the United States and Vietnam are deepening cooperation on critical and emerging technology to increase the prosperity for our people—and for people across the Indo-Pacific region.  During his trip, President Biden and Secretary Blinken will convene a U.S.-Vietnam Innovation and Investment Summit with U.S. and Vietnamese industry leaders—alongside Vietnamese Prime Minister Pham Minh Chinh and Minister Nguyen Chi Dung—to discuss priorities for expanding technology and economic cooperation, including Vietnamese investments in the United States.  The United States will announce an ambitious set of new initiatives to propel the partnership into the future, including:

    New Semiconductor Partnership to Support Resilient Semiconductor Supply Chains for U.S. Industry, Consumers, and Workers:  The United States recognizes Vietnam’s potential to play a critical role in building resilient semiconductor supply chains, particularly to expand capacity in reliable partners where it cannot be re-shored to the United States and further promote manufacturing and industry development at home under the U.S. CHIPS Act.   A newly-signed Memorandum of Cooperation on Semiconductor Supply Chains, Workforce and Ecosystem Development will formalize this bilateral partnership to expand the capacity of the semiconductor ecosystem in Vietnam, in support of U.S. industry.  Under the International Technology Security and Innovation Fund (“ITSI” Fund), created by the CHIPS Act of 2022, the United States will partner with Vietnam to further develop Vietnam’s current semiconductor ecosystem, regulatory framework, and workforce and infrastructure needs.

    Establishing Workforce Development Initiatives to Support Semiconductor Capacity in the United States: The United States and Vietnam announce the launch of comprehensive workforce development initiatives in Vietnam that jointly develop hands-on teaching labs and training courses for semiconductor assembly, testing, and packaging.  The U.S. government will provide initial seed funding of $2 million to launch the initiatives, in conjunction with future support from the Government of Vietnam and the private sector.  The effort will support the expansion of good jobs for the American middle class for work further up the semiconductor industry value chain.  

    Developing Electronics & Leading Technology Advancement Partnerships (DELTA) Network:  The United States and Vietnam intend to launch a DELTA network with key regional governments and industry entities to bridge and coordinate technology strategies with like-minded partners that share our commitment to building secure and resilient technology supply chains.  The DELTA Network will promote talent cultivation, policy coordination, and sector efficiencies in the manufacture of electronic components, against the backdrop of regional trends.

    Vietnam-U.S. Science and Technology Agreement for Research: The United States and Vietnam intend to expand bilateral joint research through the Vietnam-U.S. Science and Technology Agreement for Research (VUSTAR).  VUSTAR will identify priorities for potential collaboration in areas that include artificial intelligence, R&D and governance, health and medical science, climate science, biotechnology, and conservation.


    People-to-people ties are the foundation of our enduring partnership with Vietnam.  It is through cooperation on education and training that the United States and Vietnam have made some of the greatest gains to rebuild mutual trust and understanding.  Vietnamese students studying in United States represent the fifth-largest foreign student population, and many of these students are pursuing careers in science, technology, and engineering at community colleges, universities, and higher education institutions.  For more than 31 years, the Fulbright Program in Vietnam has connected thousands of American and Vietnamese scholars and students in fields such as climate science, business, and arts, and prepared them to be leaders in their fields.  In June 2023, the U.S.-supported Fulbright University, Vietnam’s first independent non-profit higher education institution, graduated its first undergraduate class and, with financing from the U.S. International Development Finance Corporation (DFC), will expand to a new campus.  After a historic, successful first year with its inaugural cohort of nine volunteers in Vietnam, the Peace Corps’ English education program, in partnership with Vietnam’s Ministry of Education and Training, looks forward to welcoming its second group of volunteers in 2023. 

    To expand educational cooperation as part of the bilateral upgrade in relations and to the benefit of people in both countries, the United States plans the following new programs:

    STEM Champions of Vietnam Initiative: New STEM-focused education initiative that targets the full spectrum of the Vietnamese education sector – from K-12 to post-graduate studies – to connect Vietnamese education and governmental institutions with their U.S. counterparts to strengthen their ability to develop future leaders in science and new technologies.

    Upskill Vietnam and Foster Digital Growth: This program will enable Vietnam to unleash the potential of the digital economy to become a key driver of the country’s continued growth.  Working with Congress, USAID will provide an initial investment of $12.75 million.  The program will engage in: (1) a five-year Higher Education Policy Support project with the Ministry of Education and Training (MOET) to modernize and internationalize Vietnam’s higher education sector; (2) a three-year Vietnam Digital Trade activity that facilitates digital trade and promotes private sector engagement in Vietnam; (3) new five-year Innovative Workforce Development activity that supports the Ministry of Planning and Investment’s (MPI) National Innovation Center.


    In elevating our partnership, the United States and Vietnam reaffirm a shared commitment to regional prosperity through improved economic cooperation.  In partnership with Vietnam, the United States will drive new investments through the Partnership for Global Infrastructure by strategically deploying more public capital to better mobilize financing and expertise from the private sector to scale these investments for the years to come.

    The United States intends to do this by:

    Expanding Agricultural Trade:  Building on recent announcements that market access was granted to U.S. grapefruit and Vietnamese pomelos, the two countries anticipate market access for additional agricultural products will soon follow.

    Increasing Access to Capital for Underserved Borrowers:  New projects by the U.S. International Development Finance Corporation (DFC), such as Tien Phong (TP) Commercial Joint Stock Bank ($100 million), the Vietnam Prosperity Joint Stock Commercial Bank (VP Bank)($300 million), and the Beacon Fund ($50 million), that expands lending opportunities to small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) that are women-owned, women-operated, and/or climate-focused.  These efforts help address issues such as the financing gap for women entrepreneurs, support weather-related adaptation and mitigation measures, promote sustainable agriculture, and improve energy efficiency through the deployment of renewable energy sources.


    President Biden underscores the universality of human rights and the importance of our bilateral cooperation to advance human rights and fundamental freedoms, including freedoms of expression, association, peaceful assembly, and religion or belief, at home and abroad.

    Enhanced Commitment to Meaningful Dialogue:  The U.S.-Vietnam Human Rights Dialogue is an important mechanism to discuss a wide range of human and labor rights-related issues including: freedoms of expression and association; freedom of religion or belief; rule of law and legal reform; and the rights of members of marginalized populations, including women and girls, ethnic minority groups, LGBTQI+ persons, and persons with disabilities, as well as individual cases of concern.


    Climate, energy, environment, and health are all essential elements of a dynamic thriving technology-focused innovation-based society and economy.  To promote progress in these areas, the United States is expanding its collaboration with Vietnam through new projects and mechanisms:

    U.S – Vietnam Bilateral Climate Working Group:  The two countries will launch a new working group to coordinate bilateral climate related projects and initiatives to strengthen adaptation and resilience to the impacts of climate change such as the Net Zero World Program.

    Climate Resilient Agriculture in the Mekong Delta:  USAID will launch a new project that builds climate resilience for traditional agriculture-based economies of the Mekong Delta.  With an initial investment of $11.41 million over two years, subject to engagement with Congress, this project will support a vital region that produces roughly half of Vietnam’s total rice harvest and nearly three quarters of its fruit, aquaculture, and fisheries products.

    Expand Energy Storage Capacity: The U.S. government, in collaboration with AMI AC Renewables, a Vietnamese company, and Honeywell, a U.S. company, will launch a new pilot project that develops Vietnam’s first ever battery energy storage system in Khanh Hoa Province.  This pilot project demonstrates how energy storage can help Vietnam integrate more renewable energy into its power system to meet ambitious climate goals.  

    Diverse and Securing Critical Mineral Supply Chains:  A bilateral Memorandum of Understanding strengthens technical cooperation to support Vietnam’s efforts to quantify its Rare Earth Elements (REE) resources and economic potential, attract quality investment for integrated REE sector development, and meet high environmental, social, and governance standards.

    Cooperation on Global Health Security:  A new suite of new activities that strengthen Vietnam’s core public health capacities, increase laboratories’ capabilities, improve surveillance systems, and enhance Infection Prevention and Control capacities.

    Advanced Care and Treatment for Cancer:  The United States intends to expand existing academic and health partnerships to train and mentor medical professionals and faculty to enhance palliative care for cancer patients.

    Medical Device Policy Frameworks:  U.S. Trade and Development Agency plans to host a healthcare workshop and Reverse Trade Mission (RTM) from Vietnam’s Ministry of Health to facilitate increased information sharing on best practices in synchronizing a single regulatory framework to govern all aspects of medical devices in Vietnam through the development of their first ever “Law on Medical Devices.”


    The United States and Vietnam have overcome a difficult past to become trusted partners.  President Biden committed to Vietnamese government leaders our resolve and unwavering cooperation in our collective pursuit to continue addressing war legacy issues.

    The U.S. government is dedicated to supporting the Vietnamese in developing a technology-led system for identification of remains from the war.  An interagency effort intends to extend archival research to help identify locations of Vietnamese missing or fallen individuals, as well as cutting-edge DNA technology, including the transfer of expertise and equipment to Vietnamese laboratories. 

    The United States is expanding the following efforts:

    Advancing our Commitment to Complete Dioxin Remediation at Bien Hoa: The United States Government announces a new step toward completing the dioxin remediation project at the Bien Hoa Air Base Area, in accordance with the project Master Plan.  The United States and Vietnam signed an amended bilateral partnership agreement, raising the ceiling of our existing agreement from $183 million to $300 million, and expands the agreement to cover implementation of the project until 2028.  With this expanded agreement, the United States plans to make available an additional $55 million for the Project in the next year, subject to engagement with Congress, with additional investments in the future from both USAID and the Department of Defense (DOD).

    Supporting Persons with Disabilities:  USAID will expand their essential health and social service programs that support persons with disabilities into two new provinces Bac Lieu and Ca Mau, thus raising the number of supported provinces to 10.

    Scientific Training for the Vietnamese Office for Seeking Missing Persons:  The United States seeks to increase scientific training and technology support and exchanges offered at Joint Base Pearl Harbor-Hickam in Hawaii, as well as on-site in Hanoi.

    Unexploded Ordnance (UXO) Activities:  The United States will provide an additional $25 million to further UXO clearance and tracking activities to the Vietnam National Mine Center in Central Vietnam.  The United States’ long-standing commitment to this effort totals over $230 million in UXO since 1993.


    In deepening our bilateral security cooperation, the United States-Vietnam Comprehensive Strategic Partnership will also enhance the collective security of the region.  The United States is announcing new programs and equipment donations worth $8.9 million to build Vietnamese capacity to fight regional and international transnational crime.  These programs include improving maritime domain awareness, port facility security, cargo security, and building Vietnam’s ability to counter illegal, unreported, and unregulated fishing. The United States and Vietnam have enhanced bilateral engagement on Trafficking in Persons (TIP) to address new and emerging trafficking trends, including support to combat TIP, child sexual exploitation, and the growing issue of cyber scam operations in Southeast Asia. 


    We welcome the progress of U.S. and Vietnamese businesses moving ahead with new and expanded initiatives that will increase trade and commerce between our two countries.  Some examples include:

    Expanding Commerce in the Aviation Industry:  Boeing and Vietnam Airlines will sign a multi-billion-dollar proposal acceptance to purchase 50 Boeing 737 MAX aircraft that will benefit both countries by supporting U.S. manufacturing jobs and providing world-class aircraft to support Vietnam’s growing travel and tourism industry as they aspire to become a leading aviation hub.  This deal is will support over 33,000 direct and indirect jobs across the United States.

    Strengthening Semiconductor Supply Chains:  Arizona-based Amkor Technology will announce the commencement of operations at its state-of-the art factory in Bac Ninh Province in October 2023.  Total investment for the project is $1.6 billion.  California-based Synopsys is launching a semiconductor design and incubation center in collaboration with Saigon Hi-Tech Park.  California-based Marvell will announce that it will establish a world class semiconductor design center in Ho Chi Minh City.

    Furthering Technology Partnerships:  Microsoft and Trusting Social will announce an agreement to develop a generative AI-based solution tailored for Vietnam and emerging markets.  NVIDIA is partnering with FPT, Viettel, and VinGroup to deploy AI in the cloud, automotive, and healthcare industries.  Meta Platforms and the Vietnam National Innovation Center will announce the Vietnam Innovation Challenge, a program to promote digital transformation among small and medium enterprises.

    Boosting Travel, Transport, Tourism:  VinFast continues to progress on the construction of its $4 billion electric vehicle (EV) manufacturing facility in North Carolina. 3M concluded an agreement with Vietnam’s Ministry of Transport to improve traffic safety.  New York-based Nobu Hospitality will announce a partnership with Viet Capital Real Estate (CVRE) to bring the first ever Nobu hotel, residences, and restaurant to Vietnam. 

    Enhancing Strategic Port and Energy Infrastructure:  Seattle-based port operator SSA Marine and Vietnamese private company Gemadept will announce their intent to collaborate on strategic port projects in southern Vietnam, including their joint interest in developing the proposed $6.7 billion dollar Cai Mep Ha Logistics Center.

    Promoting Climate Resilience and Innovation: Massachusetts-based Australis Aquaculture will sign an MOU with Khanh Hoa Province to invest an additional $100 million to expand its sustainable aquaculture operations in Van Phong Bay.

    Strengthening Financial Services and Capital Markets:  United Beacon Asia Media will launch the inaugural issue of Bloomberg BusinessWeek Vietnam in October 2023.  VNG filed for an Initial Public Offering on the Nasdaq, representing the first Vietnamese technology company to list in the United States, and one of several Vietnamese companies looking to access U.S. capital markets to fuel growth and innovation.  Crane Currency has signed an MoU with Vietnam-based Q&T Hi-Tech Polymer Co. Ltd. to help the State Bank of Vietnam secure Vietnam’s next generation of bank notes.


    Remarks by President Biden and General Secretary Nguyễn Phú Trọng of the Communist Party of Vietnam Before Bilateral Meeting 

    Central Office of Communist Party of Vietnam
    Hanoi, Vietnam

    6:33 P.M. ICT

    GENERAL SECRETARY TRỌNG: (As interpreted.) (Inaudible.) The Honorable Joe Biden, President of the United States of America, distinguished U.S. delegates.

    At the outset, on behalf of the leaders of the party, state, and people of Vietnam, I would like to extend my warmest welcome to you, Mr. President, and your delegation to Vietnam.

    PRESIDENT BIDEN: Thank you.

    GENERAL SECRETARY TRỌNG: (As interpreted.) This is an interesting and meaningful occasion for me to meet with you again as the two countries celebrating the 10th anniversary of the Vietnam-U.S. Comprehensive Partnership.

    We highly appreciate the attention and support that you have extended to our bilateral ties in different capacities over the past years. To this day, I still vividly recall the fond memories of the sincere and frank discussions that we had during the reception you hosted when I visited the U.S. in July of 2015, and I also highly valued the exchanges we’ve had since that day to this very day.

    I’d also like to thank you for the letter in June this year to invite me to return to visit the U.S. once again.

    So, the last time we met with each other in the U.S., during my visit to the U.S. — since that day, you have not had an occasion to visit Vietnam. Thus, I am very delighted to welcome you here today so that we can have a discussion here first.

    And I still vividly recall how you looked like, Mr. President, when we met with each other in the U.S. the last time around. (Laughter.) But today and as I see you again, you have nary aged a day. And, I would say, you look even better than before. (Laughter.)

    I’ll say that every feature of you, Mr. President, is very much complimentary of your image. I myself have gray hair as well, but I don’t seem to be able to recreate the (inaudible). (Laughter.)

    And as I’ve mentioned, I am very fortunate to welcome you here today to the headquarters of (inaudible) Vietnam to receive you, the most distinguished guest before us today. As you can see here, we have the statue of President Ho Chi Minh, and the decoration is just as it was the last time we had very cordially welcomed you.

    Your visit to Vietnam today bears great importance. This is an excellent opportunity for the leaders of our two countries to exchange views on bilateral ties and relevant international issues of the interest of our two peoples and for the maintenance of peace, cooperation, and sustainable development in the region and the world.

    You and your delegation will also have a chance to witness firsthand the country and people of Vietnam and experience the longstanding culture and history, the constant reforms (inaudible), and sincere and kindhearted people who always (inaudible) to further strengthen their bonds of friendship with others.

    And this brings to mind the verse that’s written by the great Irish poet, William Yeats, “Think where man’s glory most begins and ends, and say my glory was I had such friends.”

    Mr. President, may your visit to Vietnam be a great success.

    That was a rather long opening, and now I wish to pass the floor back to you, Mr. President.

    PRESIDENT BIDEN: Well, thank you very much, General Secretary. I’ll be twice as long. (Laughter.)

    It’s truly great to see you again. And my very close friend, Senator John Kerry — Secretary Kerry, my friend, will tell you, my colleagues in the United States Senate — all the years we served together — used to kid me because I was always quoting Irish poets.

    They thought I quoted Irish poets because I’m Irish. That’s not the reason. I quoted them because they’re the best poets in the world. (Laughter.)

    It really is great to see to again, General Secretary. It’s been almost eight and a half years since I saw you. And being here with you in Hanoi is a great, great honor for me personally.

    Vietnam and the United States are critical partners and, I would argue, at a very critical time for world history.

    My friends and colleagues are probably tired of hearing me say this, but I believe that we are at a great inflection point in world history, where the decisions we make in the next 3 to 4 or 5 years are going to set the course for the world over the next 25 to 50 years. And I think we have enormous opportunities as the world changes to make it even better.

    And Vietnam and the United States are critical partners at this very critical time. I’m not saying that to be polite; I’m saying it because I mean it from the bottom of my heart.

    Together, we’re tracking a range of challenges — from securing a free and open Indo-Pacific, to strengthening our supply chains, to seizing opportunities like climate change, and so much more.

    But our nations are not only united by the challenges we face, we’re united by the aspirations of our people, the aspirations they share together –the Vietnamese American generation is coming of age and is — shares that view as well — aspirations for the future of greater peace, greater prosperity, and greater security. And I’m convinced we can achieve it.

    So, Mr. General Secretary, I — I want to thank you for having me here, because I think this could be the beginning of even a greater era of cooperation and benefit, not only for the United States and Vietnam but for the entire Indo-Pacific, the entire world.

    I’m sorry to take so long speaking, but I’m genuinely looking forward to our meeting today, setting us on a track to work together to build a future that our — all of our people deserve. And I think we can do it (inaudible).

    Thank you again for having me.

    6:47 P.M. ICT

    Readout of President Biden’s Meeting with President Vo Van Thuong of Vietnam 

    President Joseph R. Biden, Jr. and President Vo Van Thuong had an official meeting and state luncheon at the Presidential Palace in Hanoi, Vietnam.  President Biden and President Thuong discussed business, economic ties, and Vietnam’s aspirations to become an upper income country by 2045. They discussed the cooperation issues in technology cooperation and Vietnam’s clean energy transition plan under the new U.S. – Vietnam Comprehensive Strategic Partnership. They also spoke about the ongoing work in the Indo-Pacific Economic Framework for Prosperity (IPEF) negotiations and the importance of attaining positive outcomes in time for the Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) Leaders Meeting in November. President Biden looks forward to seeing President Thuong again when he hosts APEC in San Francisco later this year. 

    Readout of President Biden’s Meeting with Chairman of the National Assembly Vuong Dinh Hue of Vietnam 

    President Joseph R. Biden, Jr. and Chairman of the National Assembly Vuong Dinh Hue of Vietnam met today for a state luncheon at the National Assembly in Hanoi, Vietnam. President Biden and Chairman Hue discussed the historical significance of this visit to the bilateral relationship and future cooperation opportunities under the new Comprehensive Strategic Partnership. They also spoke about the importance of people-to-people ties and the vital role that our tireless, mutual work to address painful war legacy issues has played in building the trust and understanding that now form the basis of our future partnership. They observed veterans from both of our nations as they exchanged wartime artifacts and discussed the importance of this continued work. President Biden thanked Chairman Hue for his leadership to promote our future partnership based on trust and cooperation. 

    Readout of President Biden’s Meeting with Prime Minister Pham Minh Chinh of Vietnam 

    President Joseph R. Biden, Jr. and Prime Minister Pham Minh Chinh of Vietnam met today at the Office of the Government in Hanoi, Vietnam.  President Biden and Prime Minister Chinh discussed the new U.S.–Vietnam Comprehensive Strategic Partnership and announced the U.S.–Vietnam Semiconductor Partnership. President Biden and Secretary Blinken also convened a U.S.-Vietnam Innovation and Investment Summit with U.S. and Vietnamese industry leaders—alongside Prime Minister Chinh and Minister Nguyen Chi Dzung—to discuss priorities for expanding technology and economic cooperation, including Vietnamese investments in the United States. The President and the Prime Minister also welcomed a landmark deal between Boeing and Vietnam Airlines worth $7.8 billion that will support more than 30,000 jobs in the United States. President Biden expressed that he looks forward to seeing Prime Minister Chinh when he visits the United States in late September for the United Nations General Assembly. 


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